Index of Articles

October 17: General Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga, renewing American hopes and bringing France fully into the war


The second battle, the Battle of Bemis Heights, occurred on October 7th, when Burgoyne determined to break free from the encircling colonial forces and drive them from the field. The British troops and their German allies were devastated, and nearly lost their entrenched positions. Fighting on horseback, Benedict Arnold, received a wound in his leg during this battle; his contribution … Continue reading


October 7: Battle of Bemis Heights (Second Battle of Saratoga)


Second of two battles that led to the British surrender at Saratoga (American War of Independence). After failing to even reach the American lines in his previous attack (Battle of Freeman’s Farm, 19 September), Burgoyne had waited in the hope that a supporting attack from New York would force General Gates to split his army. When it was clear that … Continue reading


October 6: Battle of Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery


Sailing up the Hudson River to come to the aid of General John Burgoyne and the besieged British army at Saratoga, General Henry Clinton and 3,000 British troops stop to launch an attack on Forts Clinton and Montgomery, in what is now Orange County, New York, in the early morning hours of October 6, 1777. Under the cover of a … Continue reading


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