Index of Articles

October 6: Battle of Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery


Sailing up the Hudson River to come to the aid of General John Burgoyne and the besieged British army at Saratoga, General Henry Clinton and 3,000 British troops stop to launch an attack on Forts Clinton and Montgomery, in what is now Orange County, New York, in the early morning hours of October 6, 1777. Under the cover of a … Continue reading


October 4, 1777: Battle of Germantown; the patriots fail to retake their capitol, Philadelphia


At the Battle of Germantown on October 4, 1777, British forces in Pennsylvania defeated the American Continental Army under General George Washington (1732-99). After capturing Philadelphia in September 1777, British General William Howe (1729-1814) placed a large group of his troops at nearby Germantown. Washington launched a surprise attack on the poorly defended British camp, but his army failed to … Continue reading


September 19, 1777: Battle of Freeman’s Farm


This was the first of two battles leading to the British surrender at Saratoga. General Burgoyne having reached the Hudson River from Canada, was now facing an American army at Bemis Heights, New York. A site selected for its defensive potential, just north of Stillwater and about 10 miles (16 km) south of Saratoga; the army spent about a week … Continue reading


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