Index of Articles

September 19, 1777: Battle of Freeman’s Farm

This was the first of two battles leading to the British surrender at Saratoga. General Burgoyne having reached the Hudson River from Canada, was now facing an American army at Bemis Heights, New York. A site selected for its defensive potential, just north of Stillwater and about 10 miles (16 km) south of Saratoga; the army spent about a week … Continue reading

September 11, 1777: Battle of Brandywine

General Sir William Howe and General Charles Cornwallis launched an attack on General George Washington at Brandywine Creek near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania. Cornwallis and Howe each had 9,000 British troops, with Howe leading the attack from the front and Cornwallis circling around and attacking from the right flank. A dense fog had provided the British with cover, so Washington was … Continue reading


The Battle of Bennington took place on August 16, 1777, in Walloomsac, New York, about 10 miles (16 km) from Bennington, Vermont. An American force of 2,000 men, primarily New Hampshire and Massachusetts militiamen, led by General John Stark, and the Green Mountain Boys led by Colonel Seth Warner decisively defeated a detachment of General John Burgoyne’s army led by … Continue reading

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