Index of Articles

The British in Philadelphia.


On June 18, 1778, after almost nine months of occupation, 15,000 British troops under General Sir Henry Clinton evacuated Philadelphia, the former U.S. capital. The British had captured Philadelphia on September 26, 1777, following General George Washington’s defeats at the Battles of Brandywine and Germantown. British General William Howe had made Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress, the focus … Continue reading


Winter at Valley Forge


The winter of 1777-1778 may have been the low point of the Revolutionary War for George Washington and the Continental Army. After the Battles of Brandywine (September 11, 1777) and Germantown (October 4, 1777), the British Army occupied the American capital, Philadelphia, Congress was on the run, and the Army was in shambles. Valley Forge was where the American Continental … Continue reading


October 17: General Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga, renewing American hopes and bringing France fully into the war


The second battle, the Battle of Bemis Heights, occurred on October 7th, when Burgoyne determined to break free from the encircling colonial forces and drive them from the field. The British troops and their German allies were devastated, and nearly lost their entrenched positions. Fighting on horseback, Benedict Arnold, received a wound in his leg during this battle; his contribution … Continue reading


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