Index of Articles

October 7: Battle of Bemis Heights (Second Battle of Saratoga)


Second of two battles that led to the British surrender at Saratoga (American War of Independence). After failing to even reach the American lines in his previous attack (Battle of Freeman’s Farm, 19 September), Burgoyne had waited in the hope that a supporting attack from New York would force General Gates to split his army. When it was clear that … Continue reading


AUGUST 2-22, 1777: SIEGE OF FORT STANWIX AND AUGUST 6, 1777: BATTLE OF ORISKANY


Fort Stanwix (site of modern Rome, New York) occupied a strategic western portage known as the Oneida Carrying Place between the Mohawk River, which flowed southeast to the Hudson River, and Wood Creek leading to Lake Ontario. Built by the British in 1758 during the French and Indian War, the fort had fallen into disrepair. The site again became strategically … Continue reading


JULY 5-6, 1777: SECOND BATTLE OF TICONDEROGA (AND BATTLE OF VALCOUR ISLAND)


The 1777 Siege of Fort Ticonderoga occurred between July 2 and 6, 1777 near the southern end of Lake Champlain in New York.

In September 1775, the American Continental Army invaded Quebec. In July 1776 the army was sent back to Fort Ticonderoga by the British army. A small Continental Navy fleet on Lake Champlain was defeated October 1776 on … Continue reading


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